2 edition of Racial factors and urban law enforcement. found in the catalog.
Racial factors and urban law enforcement.
William M. Kephart
Bibliography: p. 207-209.
|LC Classifications||HV8138 .K45|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||209|
|LC Control Number||56013431|
eBook Version You will receive access to this electronic text via email after using the shopping cart above to complete your purchase. New Publication Now Available! Racial profiling is a phenomenon that has been around for many years As of , there had been over court cases involving allegations of racial and ethnic profiling against law enforcement agencies in the. The debate over racial profiling never leaves the news, but many people lack a clear understanding of what it is, let alone its purported pros and cons. In a nutshell, racial profiling factors into how authorities identify individuals suspected of various crimes, including terrorism, illegal Author: Nadra Kareem Nittle.
State and local law enforcement agencies have been rewarded in cash for the sheer numbers of people swept into the system for drug offenses, thus giving law . Racial factors and urban law enforcement. by: Kephart, William M. Published: () The history of policing America: from militias and military to the law enforcement of today / by: French, Laurence, Published: ().
Racial profiling refers to law enforcement officers or agencies where a key factor in whether to take action, such as making a stop or arrest, is mainly based on race, ethnicity or national origin, rather than information and evidence. The practice is controversial, and there is some data to suggest that it is ineffective in controlling crime. A. Over-policing and Racial Profiling; On the Streets. White youth and youth of color are policed differently. As stated by the National Research Council of the National Academies in Reforming Juvenile Justice, “there is sizable literature indicating that minority youth are more likely than white youth to be stopped, arrested, and subsequently referred to court by police.” Henning and.
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Racial Factors and Urban Law Enforcement William M. Kephart. pages | 5 1/2 x 8 1/2 Ebook | ISBN | Buy from De Gruyter $ | € | £ This book is available under special arrangement from our European publishing partner De Gruyter.
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Racial factors and urban law enforcement. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press . Racial factors and urban law enforcement. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press  (DLC) (OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors / Contributors: William M Kephart.
Racial Factors and Urban Law Enforcement. Book Description: Description not available. eISBN: Subjects: Sociology to investigate some of the factors involved in the treatment of the Negro offender—an area which has plagued both the police administration and the Negro community.
During the investigation of this latter. Racial factors and urban law enforcement. Studies of this type have been criticized by law enforcement groups and some scholars because they do not take into account all of the factors involved, including relative “hit rates” for white and black drivers.
A “hit rate” is the percentage of searches that uncover illegal drugs or other contraband. The racial zoning movement in the urban South demonstrates clearly how certain social objectives were central to the early planning movement.
While scholars have examined the racial zoning movement leading up to Buchanan v. Warley,6 they have given relatively little attention to important racial zoning initiatives after It is in this post. While these cases differ, common threads run through them: economic, social, and racial disparities that deny opportunities to individuals of color and erode families and communities; the violence plaguing too many low income and communities of color; the violence faced daily by law enforcement, leading some police to view too many in.
Indeed, the law tracks the memorandum issued by the U.S. Department of Justice banning racial profiling in federal law enforcement. Therefore, the “racial profiling” argument against such laws serves only to prevent rational discussion of a screening practice that, when used properly and within defined legal parameters, can be a File Size: KB.
The meaning of racial disparity. The term racial disparity refers to a difference that may or may not be related to discrimination.
Criminal justice experts distinguish between legal and extralegal factors to explain racial disparities in criminal justice. Legal factors include seriousness of the offense and prior criminal record.
These are. House Research Department June Racial Profiling Studies in Law Enforcement: Issues and Methodology Page 6 8 For example, Kennedy wrote, “Not even Mark Fuhrman was known to detain elderly women who happened to be black.” Kennedy, op. cit., Law Enforcement Police practices that target low-income, urban neighborhoods and the use of group arrest procedures contribute to racial and ethnic disparities in the juvenile justice system.
Low-income neighborhoods, particularly in urban areas, are often majority minority. Disproportionate Minority Contact 4File Size: 2MB. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness is a book by Michelle Alexander, a civil rights litigator and legal scholar.
The book discusses race-related issues specific to African-American males and mass incarceration in the United States, but Alexander noted that the discrimination faced by African-American males is prevalent among other minorities and socio-economically Author: Michelle Alexander.
At least 30 states could soon require their state police to collect racial data on all traffic stops and searches, with the stated end of eliminating "racial profiling." Urban forces are under identical pressure. Virtually every major law-enforcement organization opposes these bills, because of their failure to deal with the benchmarking problem.
Racial profiling is the practice of subjecting citizens to increased surveillance or scrutiny based on racial or ethic factors rather than "reasonable suspicion.". An interview with Professor Jack Glaser on his research concerning racial profiling, stereotyping, and implicit bias, particularly as it pertains to law enforcement.
Suspect Race: Causes and Consequences of Racial Profiling (Oxford University Press, ) is the culmination of Professor Jack Glaser’s research on racial profiling, stereotyping.
Ethics of Racial Profiling Can it ever be ethical to prejudge an individual based simply on the color of their skin. Racial profiling is defined by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) () as “the discriminatory practice [used] by law enforcement officials of targeting individuals for suspicion of crime based on the individual’s.
Racial profiling in law enforcement is referenced when a law enforcement officer targets an individual for suspicion of a crime. A broader definition of racial profiling in law enforcements is when a law enforcement officer, uses an individual’s race or ethnicity, age, time of the day (usually later in the day), dress code and also location.
Stark racial and partisan divides in favorability toward police, but no group is "anti-cop" While 68% of white Americans have a favorable view of the police, only 40% of.
Using data from the National Incident‐Based Reporting System (NIBRS), the Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS), and the decennial Census, the present exploratory study employs multilevel modeling to examine the association between police organizational factors including the percentage of the police Cited by: Racial profiling does not refer to the act of a law enforcement agent pursuing a suspect in which the specific description of the suspect includes race or ethnicity in combination with other identifying factors.
Defining racial profiling as relying “solely” on the basis of race, ethnicity, national origin or .